My understanding is that all of the old "analog" gauges are simply measuring resistance across a resistor (the sensor) and correlating that to a scale with a needle (the gauge), essentially like the old voltmeters before they all became LCD displays with numbers.
So, I would imagine all of them could be ruined by over voltage or perhaps over amperage, effectively ruining the resistor (the sensor), perhaps making the gauge have to swing way past it's normal stops and ruining it. It's a theory anyway.
Most of the sensor have published resistance values for a given temperature or pressure, and can be easily checked with a voltmeter (proving which is bad, the sensor or the gauge).
Some of the old Van's gauges actually had a troubleshooting procedure for them also, read this thread
for a discussion of it.